taken from American Rivers

About American Rivers

For more than 35 years, American Rivers has been the nation’s leading conservation organization.  American Rivers stands up for healthy rivers so our communities can thrive – protecting and restoring America’s rivers for the benefit of people, wildlife and nature.  Founded in 1973, American Rivers has more than 65,000 members and supporters nationwide, with headquarters in Washington, DC and offices across the country.

Through our work in five key program areas – Rivers and Global Warming, River Restoration, River Protection, Clean Water and Water Supply – American Rivers is working to protect our remaining natural heritage, undo the damage of the past and create a healthy future for our rivers and future generations.

Our Programs:

Rivers and Global Warming

The impacts of global warming will hit rivers first and worst, in the form of increased droughts, floods, and waterborne diseases. Fortunately, healthy rivers boost community safety and security, building resilience against these impacts and helping communities thrive in the face of a changing climate.  To address these issues, American Rivers is:

  • Raising awareness of how global warming impacts river health, clean water, and water supplies, and promoting 21st century green infrastructure solutions that enhance health, safety and quality of life.

Restoring Rivers

Restored rivers and floodplains protect and enhance local communities and support fish and wildlife.  We are committed to restoring our nation’s rivers through:

  • Removing obsolete and unsafe dams
  • Improving the operations of dams, levees and other river infrastructure
  • Significantly reducing losses from catastrophic floods
  • Connecting people to their local river

Protecting Rivers

America’s highest quality rivers provide drinking water, flood protection, fish and wildlife habitat and recreation opportunities.  To ensure that our nation’s rivers are protected, we focus on:

  • Preventing harmful and destructive projects such as logging, mining, drilling or damming
  • Protecting critical watersheds
  • Bringing national attention to threatened rivers
  • Providing an opportunity for advocacy on behalf of rivers

Clean Water

By focusing our efforts on stopping pollution from sewage spills and stormwater runoff, we are working to ensure that our urban and suburban environments are safe for drinking, fishing and boating.  We focus on ensuring clean water supplies through:

  • Protecting wetlands and other natural landscapes that provide clean water
  • Encouraging municipalities to effectively treat stormwater and wastewater, and consider them resources not waste products

Water Supply

Ensuring that our rivers and communities have enough water is critical to supporting a healthy environment and thriving economy.  We must ensure the nation’s long-term water supply through:

  • Blocking expensive and inefficient water storage projects that will damage rivers without providing substantial community benefits
  • Reducing total water consumption through proven water efficiency practices
  • Balancing human water consumption with the natural requirements of rivers and the habitats they support.



from Water for People

In the early 1980s, Ken Miller, a former President of AWWA, Wayne Weiss, with Black & Veatch, and John B. Mannion, a former Executive Director for AWWA, shared the heartfelt vision of a world where all people have access to clean water, adequate sanitation and basic health services.

Their vision touched the hearts of other leaders in AWWA. Together they put this idea into motion transforming it into the social responsibility of the water industry. AWWA members provided the unprecedented excellence of the North American water utilities, manufacturing companies and engineering consultants.

In 2007, Water For People provided more than 108,000 people with safe drinking water resources and/or improved sanitation facilities.

By the late 1980’s, AWWA’s International Affairs Committee received a gift from the Ford Meter Box Company, Inc., for John Kalbermatten to prepare a feasibility study on helping people in developing countries. In 1989, the study resulted in a small ad hoc group to study issues concerning the organization’s start up.

In February 1991, the dream turned into reality as Water For People became incorporated as a 501(c)(3) international nonprofit development organization, followed by the establishment of Water For People-Canada as a charitable organization in 1995.

Earthly Ideas

Earthly Ideas

Information taken from Earthly Ideas


Earthly Ideas LLC is dedicated to supporting project teams with the information, resources, and skills needed to produce high performance facilities. Through our efforts, we hope to redirect development towards environmental stewardship and sustainability.


Since 1992, building owners, architects, and construction managers have hired Earthly Ideas LLC to contribute to the design and construction of high performance buildings. To guide our clients, we draw upon our outstanding organizational skills and years of experience in the sustainable development field to identify and implement the most effective strategies. We have experience in a diversity of building types, including office, museum, library, university, K-12 school, cultural, mixed-use, institutional, and industrial developments. For additional information, please review our firm profile and brochure.

Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems

Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems

information taken from

The Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems, established in 1975, is a non-profit education, research, and demonstration organization specializing in life cycle planning and design. We undertake projects based on their potential contribution to site, regional and global sustainability and human health, and actively pursue collaborations with associate organizations, businesses and professional firms.

Projects emphasize regional contexts as bases for responsible resource use relative to materials, energy, water, waste, food, and meaningful employment. Our expertise is accessible through green planning and design services, conference presentations, public lectures, and published papers.

Architecture 2030

Architecture 2030

infromation taken from

Credible scientists give us 10 years to be well on our way toward global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions in order to avoid catastrophic climate change. Yet there are hundreds of coal-fired power plants currently on the drawing boards in the US. Seventy-six percent (76%) of the energy produced by these plants will go to operate buildings.

Buildings are the major source of demand for energy and materials that produce by-product greenhouse gases (GHG). Slowing the growth rate of GHG emissions and then reversing it over the next ten years is the key to keeping global warming under one degree centigrade (°C) above today’s level. It will require immediate action and a concerted global effort.

To accomplish this, Architecture 2030 has issued The 2030 Challenge asking the global architecture and building community to adopt the following targets:

  • All new buildings, developments and major renovations shall be designed to meet a fossil fuel, GHG-emitting, energy consumption performance standard of 50% of the regional (or country) average for that building type.
  • At a minimum, an equal amount of existing building area shall be renovated annually to meet a fossil fuel, GHG-emitting, energy consumption performance standard of 50% of the regional (or country) average for that building type.
  • The fossil fuel reduction standard for all new buildings and major renovations shall be increased to:
    60% in 2010
    70% in 2015
    80% in 2020
    90% in 2025
    Carbon-neutral in 2030 (using no fossil fuel GHG emitting energy to operate).

    These targets may be accomplished by implementing innovative sustainable design strategies, generating on-site renewable power and/or purchasing (20% maximum) renewable energy and/or certified renewable energy credits.

Narrative taken from

Multiply Your Stimulus Dollars:
14x Stimulus
A Plan for State and Local Governments

With: ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, RESNET, and Veterans Green Jobs
14x Stimulus Plan Download the 14x Stimulus Plan
Take Action to Implement 14x Stimulus in Your Community

What if there was a way for states, cities, and counties to leverage each $1 of federal stimulus money spent to generate $14 of private spending, create 14 times the number of jobs, reimburse the federal government $3, and get $1 back to boot? Well, there is a way, the ‘14x Stimulus’ plan.

The plan, which is being proposed by Architecture 2030 and its partners ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, RESNET, and Veterans Green Jobs is a state/local version of Architecture 2030’s Two-Year, Nine-Million-Jobs Investment Plan. The effectiveness of the national plan in creating jobs and private spending has prompted these groups to propose a public/private partnership to strategically focus stimulus dollars that will enable a full-scale building industry revival while simultaneously addressing energy and greenhouse gas emissions reductions.

The Plan: How it Works
Based on the same principles as the national plan, the 14x Stimulus plan recommends using state and local stimulus money to create a local mortgage buy-down program that offers reduced mortgage interest rates contingent upon renovating or building to meet specific energy reduction targets. For existing homes, mortgage interest rates would be lowered by 1% if, with a minimum homeowner investment in efficiency upgrades and/or renewable energy systems, the home is renovated to meet a minimum HERS 70 (or equivalent1 rating. For new homes, interest rates would be lowered by ½% for achieving a HERS 70 rating and 1% for achieving a HERS 50 rating. Assuming the current U.S. average, 30-year, fixed mortgage interest rate is 5%, the mortgage buy-down program would work as follows:
Mortgage Interest Rates
To qualify for the lower interest rate, new homes need only meet or exceed the minimum HERS 70 or HERS 50 rating. For existing homes, the homeowner must meet both the minimum HERS 70 rating and invest a minimum amount in energy efficiency and/or renewable energy systems. The minimum amount required to be invested is double the cost of the buy-down and is dependent on the amount of the mortgage as illustrated in the following table:
14x Stimulus Plan for State and Local Governments
The Return on Investment: Everybody Wins
The seemingly odd pairing of interest rates and energy reduction targets turns out to be economically powerful, both creating an immediate demand for construction jobs and generating significant private spending. For example, if a homeowner wanted to refinance a $200,000, 6%, 30-year mortgage at a 4% interest rate, the home would need to be renovated to meet a HERS 70 rating (30% more efficient than that required by the latest energy codes), immediately creating jobs by putting construction teams back to work. To qualify for the program, the homeowner must invest a minimum of $16,000 in efficiency measures, thereby generating much-needed private spending. However, even with the cost of the efficiency upgrades added into the new mortgage, at the lower 4% interest rate, the homeowner would pay a minimum of $168 less each month. Add to that an additional savings on energy bills of approximately $60 and the homeowner would save $228 or more every month. In addition, homeowners can take advantage of the $1,500 federal energy efficiency improvement and 30% solar tax credits, as well as any local incentives that apply.

The plan also encourages new home buying with reduced mortgage interest rates of homes meeting a HERS 70 and HERS 50 rating. For each new home sold under this plan, $1 of stimulus money generates about $42 of private investment.

It is this ability to generate large amounts of private spending that so effectively leverages each stimulus dollar. As a result, the 14x Stimulus plan generates 14 times the amount of stimulus funding4 in private spending and 14 times the number of jobs that would have been created by the stimulus dollars alone.

For example, if a city or county invests $1 million of its stimulus dollars and $1 million in additional state stimulus matching funds ($2 million total), the plan would generate $28 million in local private spending and create 434 new jobs. The federal government would be paid back $6 million in new taxes, triple its investment, with an additional $2 million in new tax revenue going into city, county and state coffers. An incredible return on investment. The more money invested, the greater the return.

It is also likely that, with lower rates and increased savings, homeowners will take advantage of the construction team being on site to do additional renovations – fix a bathroom, add a bedroom, remodel a kitchen – spending even more. In this case, the return on investment would be even higher, making this strategy even more effective.

The Urgency: Seizing the Opportunity
The private building sector represents 93% of total U.S. building stock while the public building sector represents only 7%. The economic health of every U.S. industry is tied to the private building sector, especially housing. This includes everything from steel, insulation, caulking, mechanical and electrical equipment, solar systems, glass, wood, metals, tile, fabrics and paint to architecture, planning, design, engineering, banking, development manufacturing, construction, wholesale, retail and distribution. Simply put, if we do not stimulate building construction, specifically, renovation and home building, we will not revive the U.S. economy in any substantive and lasting way.

In order to capture the job-creation and private-spending potential of the private building sector, the new 14x Stimulus plan encourages households off the sidelines and into the renovation and home-buying market. However, there are many other benefits to the plan, including reduced risk of mortgage failure, increasing home values, more disposable income for homeowners, jobs to those who will pay federal taxes, a new market for material and product manufacturers, and dramatically reduced home energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The result is that, with a single solution, we can address the economic crisis, move the country toward energy independence and begin to tackle climate change.

There are few opportunities that come along that allow us to address several major crises at once, but this is definitely one. We cannot afford to let this opportunity slip through our fingers.



Information taken from NOAA

The Estuary Restoration Act (ERA), signed into law in November 2000, makes restoring our estuaries a national priority. The Act promotes the restoration of one million acres of estuarine habitat by 2010 by leveraging limited federal resources with state and local funding, developing and enhancing monitoring and research capabilities, and encouraging partnerships among public agencies and between the public and private sectors. As part of the Act, NOAA is required to develop and maintain an inventory of estuary restoration projects.

The purpose of the inventory is to:

  • provide monitoring and techniques information to advance restoration science
  • track the acres of habitat restored toward the one million acre goal of the Act
  • provide information for reports transmitted to Congress

The inventory contains information on projects funded through the ERA as well as other projects that meet minimum requirements. Project managers may submit data to the inventory through a user-friendly web site. Information on projects in the inventory is available to the public through project searches and reports, as well as through an interactive mapping application.

Benefits of using NERI for project managers:

  • Track and manage your organization’s projects
  • Produce project-specific reports or generate summary reports based on selected criteria
  • Increase public awareness and promote participation in restoration projects
  • Maximize project partnership opportunities
  • Use search capabilities and the Restoration Project Mapper to locate other regional restoration efforts to assist in future restoration planning and design

Current Status of the Inventory

The first phase of the inventory was launched in early 2004. This phase included the web site, data entry screens, and simple search procedures allowing users to view general project information and summary tables.

The second phase of the inventory was released in the summer of 2004, enhancing the site with a mapping component and the Advanced Search, which permits more complex project searches. The mapping component includes The Restoration Project Mapper, which allows users to create and view maps of project site locations. In addition, a series of pre-formatted maps has been made available for downloading.

In addition to updating and adding NOAA restoration projects, we are currently working to include information on other projects occurring throughout the country. We are primarily working to incorporate information from existing ERA Council agency databases. In addition, we welcome discussions with other organizations to explore the possibility of their using NERI for their own tracking purposes.

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